Existing models

 Direct transfer

The most widely used model in Spanish universities.

  • Generally easy to use and available to any researcher.
  • This model has severe limitations and pitfalls. The most obvious is the risk of falling into developing products and applications, entering into unfair competition with companies and consequently reducing the quality of the research.

Indirect transfer

  • This model is used in technological centers which often act as an intermediaries between companies, universities and research centers.
  • Requires an active industrial policy to be put in place by public administrations.
  • Requires a quality underpinning industrial fabric.
  • Limited in scope, and may be considered competing against universities and research centers.

Excisional transfer or spin-offs

  • Based on the creation of spin-offs that aim to exploit results of research commercially.
  • A multifactorial approach depending on the scientific level of the university, pro-business creation environment, personal initiative, financial aid assistance, financing environment, etc.
  • Requires clear and active policies defined by the universities and financial institutions.

Lines of research/ Areas of Research

The main features are the following:

  • Obtaining relevant information on transfer and development of evaluation methods related to transfer process.
  • Obtaining relevant information on spin-offs generation and development of methods for evaluating the effectiveness of the process of generating spin-offs.
  • Mathematical modeling of transfer and generation of spin-offs. Analysis of relevant factors and development of models.
  • Development of models that simulate a dynamic behavior of a research group and its effect on transfer and generation of spin-offs
  • Modeling and analysis of effectiveness of policies on innovation and transfer.


  • To secure funding
  • To develop a European project based on the topic
  • To search for partners
  • To develop and lead the proposal

Line structure:


  • Luis Moreno Lorente(UC3M)
  • Juan Alberto Sigüenza (UAM)